Pennsylvania's Labor Force


Pennsylvania's current low unemployment rate has created a tight labor market with a shortage of job applicants. Looking ahead, slow population growth and an anticipated surge in retirements present an urgent need to attract more skilled workers to our commonwealth, retain the ones who are already here, and prepare the next generation of workers for in-demand careers.

Labor Force Statistics

The data presented here provide a variety of perspectives on Pennsylvania's labor force. There are six tabs to explore:
  • Employment: trends in the national and state unemployment rate and the absolute number of employed and unemployed persons
  • Labor Force: trends in the national and state labor force participation rate and the absolute number of employed and unemployed persons
  • Other State Rates: trends in the unemployment rate for the US, Pennsylvania, several neighboring states, and DC
  • County Rate Map: a map of the unemployment rate for each Pennsylvania county
  • County OTM Change: a map showing the over-the-month change in the unemployment rate for each county
  • County State Comparison: a map comparing county and state unemployment rates

Employment by Industry Sector

The data presented here show the Pennsylvania labor force broken down into 20 different industry sectors. The data are based on a 12-month average of the calendar year. Several types of worker are excluded from these data. Please click "View Source Data" for more information. 

Weekly Wages by County

This map shows the average weekly wages paid to workers in each Pennsylvania county during the calendar year. Several types of worker are excluded from these data. Wages reported in these data are not adjusted for differences in cost-of-living in different areas of the state. Please click "View Source Data" for more information. 

Workers with Disabilities

Pennsylvania's labor force benefits from including a substantial number of workers with disabilities. This map shows the number of persons who are served by a Department of Human Services (DHS) home- and community-based waiver program, as well as individuals with a behavioral health diagnosis served by DHS, who are competitively employed. Note: There may be some duplication in the counts, due to individuals being served by more than one program in the same year.